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elective

[ih-lek-tiv] /ɪˈlɛk tɪv/
adjective
1.
pertaining to the principle of electing to an office, position, etc.
2.
chosen by election, as an official.
3.
bestowed by or derived from election, as an office.
4.
having the power or right of electing to office, as a body of persons.
5.
open to choice; optional; not required:
an elective subject in college; elective surgery.
6.
Chemistry. selecting for combination or action; tending to combine with certain substances in preference to others:
elective attraction.
noun
7.
an optional study; a course that a student may select from among alternatives.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Medieval Latin ēlēctīvus, equivalent to Latin ēlēct(us) (see elect) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
electively, adverb
electiveness, noun
nonelective, adjective, noun
nonelectively, adverb
nonelectiveness, noun
preelective, adjective
unelective, adjective
Synonyms
5. voluntary, discretionary.
Antonyms
5. required, obligatory, necessary.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for electives

elective

/ɪˈlɛktɪv/
adjective
1.
of or based on selection by vote: elective procedure
2.
selected by vote: an elective official
3.
having the power to elect
4.
open to choice; optional: an elective course of study
noun
5.
an optional course or hospital placement undertaken by a medical student
Derived Forms
electively, adverb
electivity (ˌiːlɛkˈtɪvɪtɪ), electiveness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for electives

elective

adj.

early 15c., from Late Latin electivus, from electus, past participle of eligere (see election). In reference to school subjects studied at the student's choice, first recorded 1847. As a noun, from 1701.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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