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[e-loh-him; Sephardic Hebrew e-law-heem; Ashkenazic Hebrew e-loh-him; in nonliturgical use by Orthodox Jews e-law-keem, e-loh-kim] /ɛˈloʊ hɪm; Sephardic Hebrew ɛ lɔˈhim; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˌɛ loʊˈhɪm; in nonliturgical use by Orthodox Jews ɛ lɔˈkim, ˌɛ loʊˈkɪm/
God, especially as used in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.
< Hebrew ĕlōhīm, plural of ĕlōah God
Related forms
[el-oh-him-ik] /ˌɛl oʊˈhɪm ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for Elohim


/ɛˈləʊhɪm; ˌɛləʊˈhiːm/
(Old Testament) a Hebrew word for God or gods
Word Origin
C17: from Hebrew 'Elōhim, plural (used to indicate uniqueness) of 'Elōah God; probably related to 'El God
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for Elohim

a name of God in the Bible, c.1600, from Hebrew, plural (of majesty?) of Eloh "God," a word of unknown etymology, perhaps an augmentation of El "God," also of unknown origin. Generally taken as singular, the use of this word instead of Yahveh is taken by biblical scholars as an important clue to authorship in the Old Testament, hence Elohist.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Elohim

(Hebrew: God), the God of Israel in the Old Testament. A plural of majesty, the term Elohim-though sometimes used for other deities, such as the Moabite god Chemosh, the Sidonian goddess Astarte, and also for other majestic beings such as angels, kings, judges (the Old Testament shofetim), and the Messiah-is usually employed in the Old Testament for the one and only God of Israel, whose personal name was revealed to Moses as YHWH, or Yahweh (q.v.). When referring to Yahweh, elohim very often is accompanied by the article ha-, to mean, in combination, "the God," and sometimes with a further identification Elohim hayyim, meaning "the living God."

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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