ELSEST

else

[els]
adjective
1.
other than the persons or things mentioned or implied: What else could I have done?
2.
in addition to the persons or things mentioned or implied: Who else was there?
3.
other or in addition (used in the possessive following an indefinite pronoun): someone else's money.
adverb
4.
if not (usually preceded by or ): It's a macaw, or else I don't know birds.
5.
in some other way; otherwise: How else could I have acted?
6.
at some other place or time: Where else might I find this book?
Idioms
7.
or else, or suffer the consequences: Do what I say, or else.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English, Old English elles (cognate with Old High German elles), equivalent to ell- other (cognate with Gothic aljis, Latin alius, Old Irish aile Greek állos, Armenian ayl other; cf. eldritch) + -es -s1


The possessive forms of somebody else, everybody else, etc., are somebody else's, everybody else's, the forms somebody's else, everybody's else being considered nonstandard in present-day English. One exception is the possessive for who else, which is occasionally formed as whose else when a noun does not immediately follow: Is this book yours? Whose else could it be? No, it's somebody else's.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
else (ɛls)
 
determiner
1.  in addition; more: there is nobody else here
2.  other; different: where else could he be?
 
adv
3.  or else
 a.  if not, then: go away or else I won't finish my work today
 b.  or something terrible will result: used as a threat: sit down, or else!
 
[Old English elles, genitive of el- strange, foreign; related to Old High German eli- other, Gothic alja, Latin alius, Greek allos]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

else
O.E. elles "other, otherwise, different," from P.Gmc. *aljaz (cf. Goth. aljis "other," O.H.G. eli-lenti, O.E. el-lende, both meaning "in a foreign land;" see also Alsace), an adverbial genitive of the neut. of PIE base *al- "beyond" (cf. Gk. allos "other," L. alius; see
alias). Synonym of other, the nuances of usage are often arbitrary.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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