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else

[els] /ɛls/
adjective
1.
other than the persons or things mentioned or implied:
What else could I have done?
2.
in addition to the persons or things mentioned or implied:
Who else was there?
3.
other or in addition (used in the possessive following an indefinite pronoun):
someone else's money.
adverb
4.
if not (usually preceded by or):
It's a macaw, or else I don't know birds.
5.
in some other way; otherwise:
How else could I have acted?
6.
at some other place or time:
Where else might I find this book?
Idioms
7.
or else, or suffer the consequences:
Do what I say, or else.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English, Old English elles (cognate with Old High German elles), equivalent to ell- other (cognate with Gothic aljis, Latin alius, Old Irish aile Greek állos, Armenian ayl other; cf. eldritch) + -es -s1
Usage note
The possessive forms of somebody else, everybody else, etc., are somebody else's, everybody else's, the forms somebody's else, everybody's else being considered nonstandard in present-day English. One exception is the possessive for who else, which is occasionally formed as whose else when a noun does not immediately follow: Is this book yours? Whose else could it be? No, it's somebody else's.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for elsest

else

/ɛls/
determiner (postpositive; used after an indefinite pronoun or an interrogative)
1.
in addition; more there is nobody else here
2.
other; different where else could he be?
adverb
3.
or else
  1. if not, then go away or else I won't finish my work today
  2. or something terrible will result: used as a threat sit down, or else!
Word Origin
Old English elles, genitive of el- strange, foreign; related to Old High German eli- other, Gothic alja, Latin alius, Greek allos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for elsest
else
O.E. elles "other, otherwise, different," from P.Gmc. *aljaz (cf. Goth. aljis "other," O.H.G. eli-lenti, O.E. el-lende, both meaning "in a foreign land;" see also Alsace), an adverbial genitive of the neut. of PIE base *al- "beyond" (cf. Gk. allos "other," L. alius; see alias). Synonym of other, the nuances of usage are often arbitrary.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for elsest

else

Related Terms

or else


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with elsest
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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