emeralds

emerald

[em-er-uhld, em-ruhld]
noun
1.
a rare variety of beryl that is colored green by chromium and valued as a gem.
3.
Printing. (in Britain) a 6½-point type of a size between nonpareil and minion.
4.
Ornithology. any of numerous small bright green hummingbirds of the genus Chlorostilbon.
adjective
5.
having a clear, deep-green color.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English emeraude, emeralde < Anglo-French, Old French esmeraude, esmeralde, esmeragde < Latin smaragdus < Greek smáragdos; probably ultimately < Semitic b-r-q shine (≫ Sanskrit marāk(a)la emerald)

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Collins
World English Dictionary
emerald (ˈɛmərəld, ˈɛmrəld)
 
n
1.  a green transparent variety of beryl: highly valued as a gem
2.  a.  the clear green colour of an emerald
 b.  (as adjective): an emerald carpet
3.  (formerly) a size of printer's type approximately equal to 6½ point
4.  short for emerald moth
 
[C13: from Old French esmeraude, from Latin smaragdus, from Greek smaragdos; related to Sanskrit marakata emerald]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

emerald
c.1300, from O.Fr. emeraude, from M.L. esmaraldus, from L. smaragdus, from Gk. smaragdos "green gem," from Sem. baraq "shine" (cf. Heb. bareqeth "emerald," Arabic barq "lightning"). Skt. maragdam "emerald" is from the same source, as is Pers. zumurrud, whence Turk. zümrüd, source of Rus. izumrud
"emerald."
"In early examples the word, like most other names of precious stones, is of vague meaning; the mediæval references to the stone are often based upon the descriptions given by classical writers of the smaragdus, the identity of which with our emerald is doubtful." [OED]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
emerald   (ěm'ər-əld)  Pronunciation Key 
A transparent, green form of the mineral beryl. It is valued as a gem.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Emerald definition


Heb. nophek (Ex. 28:18; 39:11); i.e., the "glowing stone", probably the carbuncle, a precious stone in the breastplate of the high priest. It is mentioned (Rev. 21:19) as one of the foundations of the New Jerusalem. The name given to this stone in the New Testament Greek is smaragdos, which means "live coal."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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