a person who emigrates, as from his or her native country or region: They welcomed the emigrants from Italy. émigré, expatriate.

1745–55, Americanism; < Latin ēmīgrant- (stem of ēmīgrāns) moving away (present participle of ēmīgrāre), equivalent to ē- e-1 + mīgrant- (mīgr- remove + -ant- -ant)

nonemigrant, noun, adjective
unemigrant, adjective

emigrant, immigrant, migrant.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
emigrant (ˈɛmɪɡrənt)
a.  Compare immigrant a person who leaves one place or country, esp a native country, to settle in another
 b.  (as modifier): an emigrant worker

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1754, from L. emigrantem, prp. of emigrare (see emigration).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The world beholds the peaceful triumphs of the industry of our emigrants.
Such emigrants have done much to promote the growth and prosperity of the
They were given into the care of three armed coyotes who guide emigrants across
  the border.
Of course, in the short-run, poor countries can get many remittances from those
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