empirical method or practice.
Philosophy. the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience. Compare rationalism ( def 2 ).
undue reliance upon experience, as in medicine; quackery.
an empirical conclusion.

1650–60; empiric + -ism

empiricist, noun, adjective
antiempiricism, noun
antiempiricist, noun, adjective
nonempiricism, noun
proempiricism, noun, adjective
proempiricist, noun
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World English Dictionary
empiricism (ɛmˈpɪrɪˌsɪzəm)
1.  philosophy intuitionism Compare rationalism the doctrine that all knowledge of matters of fact derives from experience and that the mind is not furnished with a set of concepts in advance of experience
2.  the use of empirical methods
3.  medical quackery; charlatanism
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1650s, in the medical sense, from empiric + -ism. General sense is from 1796.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

empiricism em·pir·i·cism (ěm-pēr'ĭ-sĭz'əm)

  1. Employment of empirical methods, as in science.

  2. The practice of medicine that disregards scientific theory and relies solely on practical experience.

em·pir'i·cist n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Now he writes pop songs about scientists who were less absurd about their
The champions of empiricism show an unattractive hubris when they go after what
  they see as pseudoscience.
We are finite emotional creatures, but empiricism helps us to understand where
  our weak points are, and possibly overcome them.
But it was really important to us to stay rooted in empiricism.
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