enclave

[en-kleyv, ahn-]
noun
1.
a country, or especially, an outlying portion of a country, entirely or mostly surrounded by the territory of another country.
2.
any small, distinct area or group enclosed or isolated within a larger one: a Chinese-speaking enclave in London.
verb (used with object), enclaved, enclaving.
3.
to isolate or enclose (especially territory) within a foreign or uncongenial environment; make an enclave of: The desert enclaved the little settlement.

Origin:
1865–70; < French, Middle French, noun derivative of enclaver < Vulgar Latin *inclāvāre to lock in, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + clāv(is) key + -āre infinitive suffix

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World English Dictionary
enclave (ˈɛnkleɪv)
 
n
Compare exclave a part of a country entirely surrounded by foreign territory: viewed from the position of the surrounding territories
 
[C19: from French, from Old French enclaver to enclose, from Vulgar Latin inclāvāre (unattested) to lock up, from Latin in-² + clavis key]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

enclave
1868, from Fr. enclave, from O.Fr. enclaver "enclose," from L.L. inclavare "shut in, lock up," from L. in- "in" + clavis "key" (see slot (2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

enclave en·clave (ěn'klāv', ŏn'-)
n.
A detached mass of tissue enclosed in tissue of another kind.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Folks in the modest suburban enclaves southwest of the city noticed it.
Ask students to consider how exclaves and enclaves are similar and different
  from other landlocked countries.
Faraway enclaves reachable only by foot or boat distinguish this island
  destination.
More and more people have withdrawn into protected enclaves.
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