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enclitic

[en-klit-ik] /ɛnˈklɪt ɪk/
adjective
1.
(of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the preceding word and not having an independent accent or phonological status.
noun
2.
an enclitic word, as Latin que “and” in arma virumque, “arms and the man.”.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Late Latin encliticus < Greek enklitikós, equivalent to en- en-2 + klít(os) slope + -ikos -ic
Related forms
enclitically, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for enclitically

enclitic

/ɪnˈklɪtɪk/
adjective
1.
  1. denoting or relating to a monosyllabic word or form that is treated as a suffix of the preceding word, as Latin -que in populusque
  2. (in classical Greek) denoting or relating to a word that throws an accent back onto the preceding word
noun
2.
an enclitic word or linguistic form
Compare proclitic
Derived Forms
enclitically, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin encliticus, from Greek enklitikos, from enklinein to cause to lean, from en-² + klinein to lean
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for enclitically

enclitic

1650s (adj.); 1660s (n.), from Late Latin encliticus, from Greek enklitikos "throwing its accent back," literally "leaning on," from verbal adjectival stem of enklinein "to bend, lean on," from en (see en- (2)) + klinein "to lean" (see lean (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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