encounter

[en-koun-ter]
verb (used with object)
1.
to come upon or meet with, especially unexpectedly: to encounter a new situation.
2.
to meet with or contend against (difficulties, opposition, etc.): We encounter so many problems in our work.
3.
to meet (a person, military force, etc.) in conflict: We will encounter the enemy at dawn.
verb (used without object)
4.
to meet, especially unexpectedly or in conflict: We were angry when we encountered, but we parted with smiles.
noun
5.
a meeting with a person or thing, especially a casual, unexpected, or brief meeting: Our running into each other was merely a chance encounter.
6.
a meeting of persons or groups that are in conflict or opposition; combat; battle: Another such encounter and we may lose the war.
7.
Psychology. a meeting of two or more people, as the members of an encounter group or a number of married couples (marriage encounter) conducted to promote direct emotional confrontations among the participants, especially as a form of therapy (encounter therapy)

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English encountren < Anglo-French enco(u)ntrer; Old French < Vulgar Latin *incontrāre, equivalent to in- in-1 + -contrāre, derivative of contrā against; see counter3

encounterer, noun
preencounter, noun, verb (used with object)
reencounter, verb, noun
unencountered, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
encounter (ɪnˈkaʊntə)
 
vb
1.  to come upon or meet casually or unexpectedly
2.  to come into conflict with (an enemy, army, etc) in battle or contest
3.  (tr) to be faced with; contend with: he encounters many obstacles in his work
 
n
4.  a meeting with a person or thing, esp when casual or unexpected
5.  a hostile meeting; contest or conflict
 
[C13: from Old French encontrer, from Vulgar Latin incontrāre (unattested), from Latin in-² + contrā against, opposite]
 
en'counterer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

encounter
c.1300, "meeting of adversaries," from O.Fr. encountrer "confront," from encontre (prep. and adv.) "against, counter to," from L.L. incontra "in front of," from L. in- "in" + contra "against." Weakened sense of "casually meet" first recorded in English early 16c. Related: Encountered; encountering.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is by such encounters that wits come to know each other.
It is ordinary life with a vengeance which one encounters in issuing from the
  steamer dock and facing again his native city.
Anthropologists who favor such cooperation cite the upside of the encounters.
The gangs he encounters are also organised and sophisticated.
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