encumbered

encumber

[en-kuhm-ber]
verb (used with object)
1.
to impede or hinder; hamper; retard: Red tape encumbers all our attempts at action.
2.
to block up or fill with what is obstructive or superfluous: a mind encumbered with trivial and useless information.
3.
to burden or weigh down: She was encumbered with a suitcase and several packages.
4.
to burden with obligations, debt, etc.
Also, incumber.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English encombren < Anglo-French, Middle French encombrer, equivalent to en- en-1 + -combrer, verbal derivative of combre dam, weir < early Medieval Latin combrus < Gaulish *comberos confluence, bringing together (compare Quimper, in Brittany < Breton Kemper); see com-, bear1

encumberingly, adverb
unencumbered, adjective
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World English Dictionary
encumber or incumber (ɪnˈkʌmbə)
 
vb
1.  to hinder or impede; make difficult; hamper: encumbered with parcels after going shopping at Christmas; his stupidity encumbers his efforts to learn
2.  to fill with superfluous or useless matter
3.  to burden with debts, obligations, etc
 
[C14: from Old French encombrer, from en-1 + combre a barrier, from Late Latin combrus, of uncertain origin]
 
incumber or incumber
 
vb
 
[C14: from Old French encombrer, from en-1 + combre a barrier, from Late Latin combrus, of uncertain origin]
 
en'cumberingly or incumber
 
adv
 
in'cumberingly or incumber
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

encumber
early 14c., from O.Fr. encombrer "to block up," from L.L. incombrare, from in- "in" + combrus "barricade, obstacle," probably from L. cumulus "heap." Related: Encumbered; encumbering.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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