enfilade

[en-fuh-leyd, -lahd, en-fuh-leyd, -lahd]
noun
1.
Military.
a.
a position of works, troops, etc., making them subject to a sweeping fire from along the length of a line of troops, a trench, a battery, etc.
b.
the fire thus directed.
2.
Architecture.
a.
an axial arrangement of doorways connecting a suite of rooms with a vista down the whole length of the suite.
b.
an axial arrangement of mirrors on opposite sides of a room so as to give an effect of an infinitely long vista.
verb (used with object), enfiladed, enfilading.
3.
Military. to attack with an enfilade.

Origin:
1695–1705; < French, equivalent to enfil(er) to thread, string (en- en-1 + -filer, derivative of fil < Latin fīlum thread) + -ade -ade1

unenfiladed, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
enfilade (ˌɛnfɪˈleɪd)
 
n
1.  a position or formation subject to fire from a flank along the length of its front
 
vb
2.  to subject (a position or formation) to fire from a flank
3.  to position (troops or guns) so as to be able to fire at a flank
 
[C18: from French: suite, from enfiler to thread on string, from fil thread]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

enfilade
1706, from F. enfilade, from O.Fr. enfiler "to thread (a needle) on a string, pierce from end to end," from en- "put on" + fil "thread." Used of rows of apartments and lines of trees before modern military sense came to predominate.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The enfilade of modestly proportioned rooms expresses the purpose of this earthly paradise as well as its design.
The enemy approached so as to enfilade the two batteries with musketry and artillery.
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