english peasen

English pea

noun Southern and South Midland U.S.
pea1 ( defs 1, 2 ).
Dictionary.com Unabridged


1 [pee]
noun, plural peas (Archaic or British Dialect) pease or peasen [pee-zuhn] .
the round, edible seed of a widely cultivated plant, Pisum sativum, of the legume family.
the plant itself.
the green, somewhat inflated pod of this plant.
any of various related or similar plants or their seed, as the chickpea.
something resembling a pea, especially in being small and round.
pertaining to, growing, containing, or cooked with peas: We cultivated some tomato vines and a pea patch.
small or small and round (usually used in combination).
Also called English pea, garden pea, green pea (for defs 1, 2).

1275–1325; Middle English; back formation from pease, taken as plural

pealike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To english peasen
World English Dictionary
pea (piː)
1.  an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2.  a.  the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
 b.  (as modifier): pea soup
3.  any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
[C17: from pease (incorrectly assumed to be a plural)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Word Origin & History

17c., false singular from M.E. pease (pl. pesen), which was both single and collective (e.g. wheat, corn) but was mistaken for a plural, from O.E. pise (W.Saxon), piose (Mercian) "pea," from L.L. pisa, variant of L. pisum "pea," from Gk. pison, perhaps of Thracian or Phrygian origin. Pea soup is first
recorded 1711 (pease-soup); applied to London fogs since at least 1849. In Breton, piz, lit. "peas," also means "stingy," perhaps as a semantic borrowing of Fr. chiche "stingy," lit. "small," which also happens to be a homonym of chiche "peas." The Fr. word for small ultimately may be from L. ciccum, the same root as the word for "peas."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature