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enharmonic

[en-hahr-mon-ik] /ˌɛn hɑrˈmɒn ɪk/
adjective, Music.
1.
having the same pitch in the tempered scale but written in different notation, as G sharp and A flat.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Late Latin enharmonicus < Greek enarmónios (-icus replacing -ios), equivalent to en- en-1 + harmoní(a) harmony + -os adj. suffix
Related forms
enharmonically, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for enharmonically

enharmonic

/ˌɛnhɑːˈmɒnɪk/
adjective (music)
1.
denoting or relating to a small difference in pitch between two notes such as A flat and G sharp: not present in instruments of equal temperament such as the piano, but significant in the intonation of stringed and wind instruments
2.
denoting or relating to enharmonic modulation
Derived Forms
enharmonically, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin enharmonicus, from Greek enarmonios, from en-² + harmonia; see harmony
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for enharmonically

enharmonic

in the system of equal temperament tuning used on keyboard instruments, two tones that sound the same but are notated (spelled) differently. Pitches such as F and G are said to be enharmonic equivalents; both are sounded with the same key on a keyboard instrument. The same is true of intervals, which are always named according to their notation: A-F is an augmented sixth, while A-G and G-F are both minor sevenths; all are enharmonically equivalent. C major (which has a key signature with seven sharps) and D major (with five flats) are enharmonically the same key; D major is considered easier to read and thus is much more commonly used than C major. Enharmonic tones and intervals are often components of pivot chords in modulation (change of key), especially if the composer is changing from a key notated in flats to one notated in sharps (or vice versa).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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