enlightenments

enlightenment

[en-lahyt-n-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act of enlightening.
2.
the state of being enlightened: to live in spiritual enlightenment.
3.
(usually initial capital letter) Buddhism, Hinduism. prajna.
4.
the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.

Origin:
1660–70; enlighten + -ment

preenlightenment, noun
reenlightenment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

prajna

[pruhj-nyah, -nuh]
noun Buddhism, Hinduism.
pure and unqualified knowledge.
Also called Enlightenment.


Origin:
< Sanskrit prajñā

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
enlightenment (ɪnˈlaɪtənmənt)
 
n
1.  the act or means of enlightening or the state of being enlightened
2.  Buddhism the awakening to ultimate truth by which man is freed from the endless cycle of personal reincarnations to which all men are otherwise subject
3.  Hinduism a state of transcendent divine experience represented by Vishnu: regarded as a goal of all religion

Enlightenment (ɪnˈlaɪtənmənt)
 
n
the Enlightenment an 18th-century philosophical movement stressing the importance of reason and the critical reappraisal of existing ideas and social institutions

prajna (ˈprʊdʒnə, -njɑː)
 
n
wisdom or understanding considered as the goal of Buddhist contemplation
 
[from Sanskrit prajñā, from prajānāti he knows]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

enlightenment
1660s, from enlighten + -ment. Only ever used in figurative sense, of spiritual enlightenment, etc. Attested from 1865 as a translation of Ger. Aufklärung, a name for the spirit and system of Continental philosophers in the 18c.
"The philosophy of the Enlightenment insisted on man's essential autonomy: man is responsible to himself, to his own rational interests, to his self-development, and, by an inescapable extension, to the welfare of his fellow man. For the philosophes, man was not a sinner, at least not by nature; human nature -- and this argument was subversive, in fact revolutionary, in their day -- is by origin good, or at least neutral. Despite the undeniable power of man's antisocial passions, therefore, the individual may hope for improvement through his own efforts -- through education, participation in politics, activity in behalf of reform, but not through prayer." [Peter Gay]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Enlightenment definition


An intellectual movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries marked by a celebration of the powers of human reason, a keen interest in science, the promotion of religious toleration, and a desire to construct governments free of tyranny. Some of the major figures of the Enlightenment were David Hume, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, the Baron de Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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