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entrechat

[French ahn-truh-sha] /French ɑ̃ trəˈʃa/
noun, plural entrechats
[French ahn-truh-sha] /French ɑ̃ trəˈʃa/ (Show IPA).
Ballet.
1.
a jump in which the dancer crosses the feet a number of times while in the air.
Origin
1765-1775
1765-75; < French, alteration of Italian (capriola) intrecciata intwined (caper), equivalent to in- in-2 + trecci- tress + -ata -ate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for entrechat

entrechat

/French ɑ̃trəʃa/
noun
1.
a leap in ballet during which the dancer repeatedly crosses his feet or beats them together
Word Origin
C18: from French, from earlier entrechase, changed by folk etymology from Italian (capriola) intrecciata, literally: entwined (caper), from intrecciare to interlace, from in-² + trecciatress
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for entrechat

(probably from Italian intrecciare: "to weave," or "to braid"), jump in ballet, beginning in the fifth position, during which the dancer crosses his straight legs at the lower calf. Numerous rapid crossings make the entrechat a spectacular jump. Numbers (trois, "three"; quatre, "four"; and so on) are affixed to the term to designate the amount of leg movement (entrechat-quatre has two crossings; entrechat-dix has five). The dancer lands on both feet for even-numbered and on one foot for odd-numbered entrechats. Vaslav Nijinsky's famous jumps reputedly included the entrechat-dix, and an entrechat-douze (six crossings) was performed more recently on English television as danced by Wayne Sleep.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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