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entrepreneur

[ahn-truh-pruh-nur, -noo r; French ahn-truh-pruh-nœr] /ˌɑn trə prəˈnɜr, -ˈnʊər; French ɑ̃ trə prəˈnœr/
noun, plural entrepreneurs
[ahn-truh-pruh-nurz, -noo rz; French ahn-truh-pruh-nœr] /ˌɑn trə prəˈnɜrz, -ˈnʊərz; French ɑ̃ trə prəˈnœr/ (Show IPA)
1.
a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk.
2.
an employer of productive labor; contractor.
verb (used with object)
3.
to deal with or initiate as an entrepreneur.
verb (used without object)
4.
to act as an entrepreneur.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; < French: literally, one who undertakes (some task), equivalent to entrepren(dre) to undertake (< Latin inter- inter- + prendere to take, variant of prehendere) + -eur -eur. See enterprise
Related forms
entrepreneurial, adjective
entrepreneurially, adverb
entrepreneurialism, entrepreneurism, noun
entrepreneurship, noun
nonentrepreneurial, adjective
semientrepreneurial, adjective
Can be confused
entrepreneur, intrapreneur.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for entrepreneurism

entrepreneur

/ˌɒntrəprəˈnɜː; French ɑ̃trəprənœr/
noun
1.
the owner or manager of a business enterprise who, by risk and initiative, attempts to make profits
2.
a middleman or commercial intermediary
Derived Forms
entrepreneurial, adjective
entrepreneurship, noun
Word Origin
C19: from French, from entreprendre to undertake; see enterprise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for entrepreneurism

entrepreneur

n.

1828, "manager or promoter of a theatrical production," reborrowing of French entrepreneur "one who undertakes or manages," agent noun from Old French entreprendre "undertake" (see enterprise). The word first crossed the Channel late 15c. but did not stay. Meaning "business manager" is from 1852. Related: Entrepreneurship.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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entrepreneurism in Culture
entrepreneur [(ahn-truh-pruh-nur, ahn-truh-pruh-noor)]

One who starts a business or other venture that promises economic gain but that also entails risks.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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