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ephod

[ef-od, ee-fod] /ˈɛf ɒd, ˈi fɒd/
noun, Judaism.
1.
a richly embroidered, apronlike vestment having two shoulder straps and ornamental attachments for securing the breastplate, worn with a waistband by the high priest. Ex. 28:6, 7, 25–28.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin < Hebrew ēphōd, apparently meaning “idol” in some passages
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ephod

ephod

/ˈiːfɒd/
noun
1.
(Old Testament) an embroidered vestment believed to resemble an apron with shoulder straps, worn by priests in ancient Israel
Word Origin
C14: from Hebrew ēphōdh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ephod
n.

Hebrew ephod, from aphad "to put on."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ephod in the Bible

something girt, a sacred vestment worn originally by the high priest (Ex. 28:4), afterwards by the ordinary priest (1 Sam. 22:18), and characteristic of his office (1 Sam. 2:18, 28; 14:3). It was worn by Samuel, and also by David (2 Sam. 6:14). It was made of fine linen, and consisted of two pieces, which hung from the neck, and covered both the back and front, above the tunic and outer garment (Ex. 28:31). That of the high priest was embroidered with divers colours. The two pieces were joined together over the shoulders (hence in Latin called superhumerale) by clasps or buckles of gold or precious stones, and fastened round the waist by a "curious girdle of gold, blue, purple, and fine twined linen" (28:6-12). The breastplate, with the Urim and Thummim, was attached to the ephod.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for ephod

part of the ceremonial dress of the high priest of ancient Israel described in the Old Testament (Ex. 28:6-8; 39:2-5). It was worn outside the robe and probably kept in place by a girdle and by shoulder pieces, from which hung the breast piece (or pouch) containing the sacred lots (divinatory objects), Urim and Thummim, whose precise function is now unknown. It is uncertain whether the ephod covered the back, encircling the body like a kind of waistcoat, or only the front. It was not a garment in the ordinary sense, and its association with the sacred lots indicates that the ephod was used for divination.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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