[ef-awr, ef-er]
noun, plural ephors, ephori [ef-uh-rahy] .
one of a body of magistrates in various ancient Dorian states, especially at Sparta, where a body of five was elected annually by the people.

1580–90; < Latin ephorus < Greek éphoros overseer, guardian, ruler (Compare ephorân to look over, equivalent to ep- ep- + horân to see, look)

ephoral, adjective
ephorate [ef-uh-reyt, -er-it] , ephoralty [ef-er-uhl-tee] , noun
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World English Dictionary
ephor (ˈɛfɔː)
n , pl -ors, -ori
(in ancient Greece) one of a board of senior magistrates in any of several Dorian states, esp the five Spartan ephors, who were elected by vote of all full citizens and who wielded effective power
[C16: from Greek ephoros, from ephoran to supervise, from epi- + horan to look]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1580s, "Spartan magistrate," from Gk. ephoros "overseer," from epi- "over" + horan "to see" (cognate with O.E. wær "aware").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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