a person who cultivates a refined taste, especially in food and wine; connoisseur.
Archaic. a person dedicated to sensual enjoyment.

1350–1400 for earlier sense; 1555–65 for def 2; Middle English Epicures, Epicureis Epicureans (plural) < Latin Epicūrēus (singular) (see epicurean)

1. gastronome, gourmet, epicurean. 2. voluptuary, sensualist, gourmand.

1. ascetic.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
epicure (ˈɛpɪˌkjʊə)
1.  a person who cultivates a discriminating palate for the enjoyment of good food and drink; gourmet
2.  a person devoted to sensual pleasures
[C16: from Medieval Latin epicūrus, after Epicurus; see Epicurean]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "follower of Epicurus," from L. Epicurus, from Gk. Epicouros (341-270 B.C.E.), Athenian philosopher who taught that pleasure is the highest good and identified virtue as the greatest pleasure; the first lesson recalled, the second forgotten, and the name used pejoratively for "one who gives
himself up to sensual pleasure" (1640s), especially "glutton, sybarite" (1774). Epicurus' school opposed by stoics, who first gave his name a reproachful sense.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
How the modern epicure swoons for the yeasty aroma, firm crust and dense
  honeycomb texture of a good loaf of bread.
The avian epicure thus grabbed both the salad and the sushi courses in one
  swell swoop.
He was, in every sense of the word, a literary epicure.
For the epicure-there's a choice of cafes and restaurants that are a challenge
  to gastronomic descriPtion.
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