ERGOTS

ergot

[ur-guht, -got]
noun
1.
Plant Pathology.
a.
a disease of rye and other cereal grasses, caused by a fungus of the genus Claviceps, especially C. purpurea, which replaces the affected grain with a long, hard, blackish sclerotial body.
b.
the sclerotial body itself.
2.
Pharmacology. the dried sclerotium of C. purpurea, developed on rye plants: used in the production of ergotamine and ergotoxine.

Origin:
1675–85; < French: literally, a rooster's spur; Old French argos, argoz, argot spur(s)

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World English Dictionary
ergot (ˈɜːɡət, -ɡɒt)
 
n
1.  a disease of cereals and other grasses caused by ascomycete fungi of the genus Claviceps, esp C. purpurea, in which the seeds or grain of the plants are replaced by the spore-containing bodies (sclerotia) of the fungus
2.  any fungus causing this disease
3.  the dried sclerotia of C. purpurea, used as the source of certain alkaloids used to treat haemorrhage, facilitate uterine contraction in childbirth, etc
 
[C17: from French: spur (of a cock), of unknown origin]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ergot
"disease of rye and other grasses," 1683, from O.Fr. argot "cock's spur," of unknown origin. The blight so called from the shape the fungus forms on the diseased grain. Ergotism "disease caused by eating ergot-infected breadstuffs," first recorded 1853. An alkaloid from the fungus, ergotamine (1921)
is used to treat migraines.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

ergot er·got (ûr'gət, -gŏt')
n.

  1. A fungus that infects various cereal plants and forms compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many of the grains of the host plant.

  2. The dried sclerotia of ergot, usually obtained from rye seed and used as a source of several medicinally important alkaloids and as the basic source of lysergic acid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ergot   (ûr'gət)  Pronunciation Key 
A fungus (Claviceps purpurea) that infects rye as well as other cereal grasses fed to livestock. Ergot forms sclerotia (masses of hyphae) that replace individual seeds in the spike of the infected plant and contain a complex mixture of alkaloids, several of which are medicinally important. Ergot is the basic source of ergotamine and lysergic acid. Ingestion of infected rye produces convulsions, hallucinations, and severe vasoconstriction that can lead to gangrene. Ergot poisoning may have been responsible for outbreaks of mass hysteria and reports of demonic visions in medieval Europe.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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