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[ih-ruhp-shuh n] /ɪˈrʌp ʃən/
an issuing forth suddenly and violently; outburst; outbreak.
Geology. the ejection of molten rock, steam, etc., as from a volcano or geyser.
something that is erupted or ejected, as molten rock, volcanic ash, or steam.
  1. the breaking out of a rash or the like.
  2. a rash or exanthem.
Origin of eruption
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin ēruptiōn- (stem of ēruptiō). See erupt, -ion
Related forms
eruptional, adjective
noneruption, noun
preeruption, noun
reeruption, noun
Can be confused
eruption, irruption. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for eruption
  • But in retrospect, the eruption can be seen to exemplify certain truths about climate change.
  • The resort town was forced to close its airport due to the weekend eruption.
  • The character of an eruption is based on the prehistoric and historic record of the volcano in question and its volcanic products.
  • It started underneath a glacier nearby the first eruption.
  • Mysterious scrolls found beneath the lava and ash of an ancient volcanic eruption have begun to give up their secrets.
  • Unfortunately for the region's inhabitants, however, it can't help predict when the next eruption will occur.
  • Experts believe a major eruption could come at any time.
  • Volcanic activity can spawn earthquakes or result in the release of steam or other gases before an eruption even occurs.
  • But researchers speculate that they may have been trying to escape a volcanic eruption.
  • Agriculture has fueled the eruption of human civilization.
Word Origin and History for eruption

early 15c., from Middle French éruption (14c.) and directly from Latin eruptionem (nominative eruptio) "a breaking out," noun of action from past participle stem of erumpere "break out, burst forth," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + rumpere "to break, rupture" (see rupture (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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eruption in Medicine

eruption e·rup·tion (ĭ-rŭp'shən)

  1. An appearance of a rash or blemish on the skin.

  2. Such a rash or blemish.

  3. The emergence of a tooth through the gums.

e·rup'tive (-tĭv) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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eruption in Science
The release of gas, ash, molten materials, or hot water into the atmosphere or onto the Earth's surface from a volcano or other opening in the Earth's surface.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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