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German, literally "ore mountains."
range of hills bounding the Bohemian Massif, extending 100 miles (160 km) along the German-Czech border, and reaching an average width of 25 miles (40 km). The Bohemian (southeastern) side of the range has a steep scarp face (2,000 to 2,500 feet [600 to 750 metres] high in places); the outer slope to the northwest is gradual. The highest summits, Klinovec (4,081 feet [1,244 metres]) on the Czech side and Fichtel Mountain (3,983 feet [1,214 metres]) on the German side, are in the centre of the range. Loucna (3,136 feet [956 metres]) is at the northeastern end and Spicak (3,658 feet [1,115 metres]) at the southwestern end. The name of this range rightly suggests the tradition of mineral wealth, worked by generations of small groups of craftsmen (gold and silver, lead and copper, tungsten [wolfram], and pitchblende).