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Esperanto

[es-puh-rahn-toh, -ran-] /ˌɛs pəˈrɑn toʊ, -ˈræn-/
noun
1.
an artificial language invented in 1887 by L. L. Zamenhof (1859–1917), a Polish physician and philologist, and intended for international use. It is based on word roots common to the major European languages.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; orig. pseudonym of inventor; literally, the hoping one. See esperance
Related forms
Esperantism, noun
Esperantist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for esperantos

Esperanto

/ˌɛspəˈræntəʊ/
noun
1.
an international artificial language based on words common to the chief European languages, invented in 1887
Derived Forms
Esperantist, noun, adjective
Word Origin
C19: literally: the one who hopes, pseudonym of Dr. L. L. Zamenhof, who invented it
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for esperantos

Esperanto

n.

1892, from Doktoro Esperanto, whose name means in Esperanto, "one who hopes," pen name used on the title page of a book about the artificial would-be universal language published 1887 by its inventor, Lazarus Ludwig Zamenhof (1859-1917). Cf. Spanish esperanza "hope," from esperar, from Latin sperare (see speed (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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