essence-bergamot

essence of bergamot

noun
bergamot ( def 2 ).
Dictionary.com Unabridged

bergamot

[bur-guh-mot, -muht]
noun
1.
a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2.
Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself.
3.
any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an oil resembling essence of bergamot.
4.
a variety of pear.

Origin:
1610–20; < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Ottoman Turkish; compare Mod Turkish bey armudlu literally, bey's pear (bey bey + armut pear (< Persian) + -u 3rd singular possessive suffix); Italian form perhaps by association with Bergamo, Bergama, with -otta as alteration to a familiar suffix; the citrus apparently so called from its resemblance to the pear

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
bergamot (ˈbɜːɡəˌmɒt)
 
n
1.  Also called: bergamot orange a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2.  essence of bergamot a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3.  a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
4.  a.  wild bergamot a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
 b.  a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5.  a variety of pear
 
[C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bergamot
kind of citrus fruit, 1690s, from Fr. bergamote (17c.), from It. bergamotta, said to have been named for Bergamo, town in Italy, though the town is on the opposite end of the peninsula from where the fruit grows. Probably this is a folk-etymologization from Turkish beg-armudi "prince's pear." Bergamo
is Roman Bergamum, from a Celtic or Ligurian berg "mountain," cognate with the identical Gmc. word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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