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Essene

[es-een, e-seen] /ˈɛs in, ɛˈsin/
noun, Judaism.
1.
a member of a Palestinian sect, characterized by asceticism, celibacy, and joint holding of property, that flourished from the 2nd century b.c. to the 2nd century a.d.
Related forms
Essenian
[e-see-nee-uh n] /ɛˈsi ni ən/ (Show IPA),
Essenic
[e-sen-ik] /ɛˈsɛn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for essenic

Essene

/ˈɛsiːn; ɛˈsiːn/
noun
1.
(Judaism) a member of an ascetic sect that flourished in Palestine from the second century bc to the second century ad, living in strictly organized communities
Derived Forms
Essenian (ɛˈsiːnɪən), Essenic (ɛˈsɛnɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for essenic
Essene
1553, member of a Jewish sect (first recorded 2c. B.C.E.), from L., from Gk. Essenoi, of disputed etymology, perhaps from Heb. tzenum "the modest ones," or Heb. hashaim "the silent ones." Klein suggests Syriac hasen, pl. absolute state of hase "pious."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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