noun Law.
a bar or impediment preventing a party from asserting a fact or a claim inconsistent with a position that party previously took, either by conduct or words, especially where a representation has been relied or acted upon by others.

1575–85; < Middle French estoupail stopper. See estop, -al2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
estoppel (ɪˈstɒpəl)
law See also conclusion a rule of evidence whereby a person is precluded from denying the truth of a statement of facts he has previously asserted
[C16: from Old French estoupail plug, from estoper to stop up; see estop]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from O.Fr. estoupail "bung, cork," from estouper (see estop).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The elements of judicial estoppel are met in the instant case.
Collateral estoppel is applicable even if the previous litigation involved a different claim.
The elements of judicial estoppel have not been precisely defined in this circuit either.
All three requirements for collateral estoppel are satisfied in this case.
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