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city, eastern Portugal. An ancient gated city, it is overlooked by a 13th-century castle, in which St. Isabel of Portugal, widow of King Dinis, died in 1336. The castle is now a government-operated inn. Estremoz was an important base for the Portuguese army in its successful battles against the Spanish during the 17th century. It is renowned for its distinctive pottery. Local produce includes wine and olive oil; there are cork-processing and wool-milling industries, and white marble is quarried in the neighbourhood. Pop. (2001) 9,011.