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et cetera

[et set-er-uh, se-truh] /ɛt ˈsɛt ər ə, ˈsɛ trə/
and others; and so forth; and so on (used to indicate that more of the same sort or class might have been mentioned, but for brevity have been omitted):
He had dogs, cats, guinea pigs, frogs, et cetera, as pets.
Abbreviation: etc.
late Old English
1100-50; late Old English < Latin
Usage note
Et cetera, a Latin phrase, appears in English writing most frequently in its abbreviated form, etc. This phrase is used frequently in technical and business writing, somewhat less frequently in general informal writing, and sometimes in literary or formal writing. Expressions such as and so forth and and so on are useful substitutes. Because “and” is included in the meaning of et cetera, the expression and et cetera is redundant.
Pronunciation note
Pronunciations with
[k] /k/ (Show IPA)
substituted for the first
[t] /t/
[ek-set-er-uh] /ɛkˈsɛt ər ə/
[ek-se-truh] /ɛkˈsɛ trə/
although occasionally used by educated speakers, are usually considered nonstandard. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for etc
  • No one will fault you for wearing a jacket and tie, etc.
  • Can't wait for a time when there is no more sickness and no need of doctors and health care insurance, etc.
  • But if it were opened up to include living persons, etc.
  • To protect hands around camp when cutting firewood, etc.
  • It's basically a vest that's supposed to make you feel all the punches, kicks, etc while playing video games.
  • He does great work, and has columns in a couple of newspapers and has done several magazines, etc.
  • Use pervious concrete or other permeable hardscape for driveways, paths, etc.
  • It s critical thinking that begins with the null hypothesis, etc.
  • Not everyone can be a filmmaker, doctor, mathematician etc.
  • The business' address is shared with quite a few companies, offshore betting sites, etc.
British Dictionary definitions for etc


et cetera

et cetera

/ɪt ˈsɛtrə/
and the rest; and others; and so forth: used at the end of a list to indicate that other items of the same class or type should be considered or included
or the like; or something else similar
See also etceteras
Abbreviation etc., &c
Usage note
It is unnecessary to use and before etc as etc (et cetera) already means and other things. The repetition of etc, as in he brought paper, ink, notebooks, etc, etc, is avoided except in informal contexts
Word Origin
from Latin, from et and + cetera the other (things)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for etc

et cetera

also etcetera, early 15c., from Latin et cetera, literally "and the others," from et "and" + neuter of ceteri "the others." The common abbreviation was &c. before 20c., but etc. now prevails.


see et cetera.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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etc in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Related Abbreviations for etc


Latin et cetera (and so forth)
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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