ethnicity

[eth-nis-i-tee]
noun, plural ethnicities.
1.
ethnic traits, background, allegiance, or association.
2.
an ethnic group: Representatives of several ethnicities were present.

Origin:
1765–75, for earlier sense; ethnic + -ity

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ethnic or ethnical (ˈɛθnɪk)
 
adj
1.  relating to or characteristic of a human group having racial, religious, linguistic, and certain other traits in common
2.  relating to the classification of mankind into groups, esp on the basis of racial characteristics
3.  denoting or deriving from the cultural traditions of a group of people: the ethnic dances of Slovakia
4.  characteristic of another culture: the ethnic look; ethnic food
 
n
5.  chiefly (US), (Austral) a member of an ethnic group, esp a minority group
 
[C14 (in the senses: heathen, Gentile): from Late Latin ethnicus, from Greek ethnikos, from ethnos race]
 
usage  Referring to a person as an ethnic is broadly acceptable in the US, Australia and Canada, but could well cause offence in the UK and elsewhere
 
ethnical or ethnical
 
adj
 
n
 
[C14 (in the senses: heathen, Gentile): from Late Latin ethnicus, from Greek ethnikos, from ethnos race]
 
usage  Referring to a person as an ethnic is broadly acceptable in the US, Australia and Canada, but could well cause offence in the UK and elsewhere
 
'ethnically or ethnical
 
adv
 
ethnicity or ethnical
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ethnicity
1953, from ethnic + -ity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
ethnicity [(eth-nis-uh-tee)]

Identity with or membership in a particular racial, national, or cultural group and observance of that group's customs, beliefs, and language.

Note: Many minority groups in the United States maintain strong ethnic identity; especially in cities, immigrants are often attracted to ethnic communities established by people from their own country, communities in which many traditional cultural features are maintained. (See melting pot.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for ethnicity
The targeting of an individual because of their race or ethnicity.
It is important to note, however, that language and ethnicity are not the same.
The chadian government has avoided official recognition of ethnicity.
Nationalist politics and everyday ethnicity in a transylvanian town.
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