etudes

étude

[ey-tood, ey-tyood, ey-tood, ey-tyood; French ey-tyd]
noun, plural études [ey-toodz, ey-tyoodz, ey-toodz, ey-tyoodz; French ey-tyd] .
1.
a musical composition, usually instrumental, intended mainly for the practice of some point of technique.
2.
study ( def 12 ).

Origin:
1830–40; < French; see study

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World English Dictionary
étude (ˈeɪtjuːd, French etyd)
 
n
a short musical composition for a solo instrument, esp one designed as an exercise or exploiting technical virtuosity
 
[C19: from French: study]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

etude
1837, from Fr. étude, lit. "study," from O.Fr. estudie, from L. studium (see study). Popularized in Eng. by the etudes of Chopin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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