eupatridae

eupatrid

[yoo-pa-trid, yoo-puh-]
noun, plural eupatridae [yoo-pa-tri-dee] .
one of the hereditary aristocrats of ancient Athens and other states of Greece, who at one time formed the ruling class.

Origin:
1825–35; < Greek eupatrídēs, literally, of a good father, of noble descent, equivalent to eu- eu- + patr- (stem of patḗr) father + -idēs -id2

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eupatrid (juːˈpætrɪd)
 
n , pl -patridae, -patrids
(in ancient Greece) a hereditary noble or landowner
 
[C19: via Latin from Greek eupatridēs, literally: having a good father, from eu- + patēr father]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

eupatridae

(Greek: "of a good father"), member of the nobility of ancient Athens. It is likely that public office before 594 BC was in practice confined to the eupatridae and that they had a political monopoly comparable to that of other Greek aristocracies in the Archaic period. Solon's reforms, by establishing property qualifications for office, limited their power, which disappeared entirely after 580.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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