European linden

European linden

noun
See under linden ( def 1 ).
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linden

[lin-duhn]
noun
1.
any tree of the genus Tilia, as T. americana (American linden) or T. europaea (European linden) having fragrant yellowish-white flowers and heart-shaped leaves, grown as an ornamental or shade tree. Compare linden family.
2.
the soft, light, white wood of any of these trees, used for making furniture and in the construction of houses, boxes, etc.

Origin:
1570–80; noun use of obsolete linden (adj.) of the lime tree, Middle English, Old English. See lime3, -en2

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World English Dictionary
linden (ˈlɪndən)
 
n
lime See also basswood any of various tiliaceous deciduous trees of the N temperate genus Tilia, having heart-shaped leaves and small fragrant yellowish flowers: cultivated for timber and as shade trees
 
[C16: n use of obsolete adj linden, from Old English linde lime tree]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

linden
"the lime tree," O.E., originally an adj., "of linden wood," from O.E. lind "linden" (n.), from P.Gmc. *lindo (cf. O.S. linda, O.N. lind, O.H.G. linta, Ger. linde), probably from PIE *lent- "flexible," with ref. to the tree's pliant bast. "The recent currency of the word is prob. due to its use in translations
of German romance, as an adoption of G. linden pl. of linde, or as the first element in the comb. lindenbaum = 'linden-tree.' " [OED]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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