ex chequer


[eks-chek-er, iks-chek-er]
a treasury, as of a state or nation.
(often initial capital letter) the governmental department in charge of the public revenues.
(formerly) an office administering the royal revenues and determining all cases affecting them.
(initial capital letter) . Also called Court of Exchequer. an ancient common-law court of civil jurisdiction in which cases affecting the revenues of the crown were tried, now merged in the King's Bench Division of the High Court.
Informal. one's financial resources; funds: I'd love to go, but the exchequer is a bit low.

1250–1300; Middle English escheker, eschequier < Anglo-French escheker, eschekier (Old French eschequier) chessboard, counting table. See checker1

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World English Dictionary
exchequer (ɪksˈtʃɛkə)
1.  (often capital) government (in Britain and certain other countries) the accounting department of the Treasury, responsible for receiving and issuing funds
2.  informal personal funds; finances
[C13 (in the sense: chessboard, counting table): from Old French eschequier, from escheccheck]

Exchequer (ɪksˈtʃɛkə)
See Court of Exchequer

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. escheker "a chessboard," from M.L. scaccarium (see check). Its government financial sense began under the Norman kings of England and refers to a cloth divided in squares that covered a table on which accounts of revenue were reckoned with counters.
Respelled with an -x- based on the mistaken belief that it was originally a L. ex- word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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