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exchequer

[eks-chek-er, iks-chek-er] /ˈɛks tʃɛk ər, ɪksˈtʃɛk ər/
noun
1.
a treasury, as of a state or nation.
2.
  1. (often initial capital letter) the governmental department in charge of the public revenues.
  2. (formerly) an office administering the royal revenues and determining all cases affecting them.
  3. (initial capital letter). Also called Court of Exchequer. an ancient common-law court of civil jurisdiction in which cases affecting the revenues of the crown were tried, now merged in the King's Bench Division of the High Court.
3.
Informal. one's financial resources; funds:
I'd love to go, but the exchequer is a bit low.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English escheker, eschequier < Anglo-French escheker, eschekier (Old French eschequier) chessboard, counting table. See checker1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ex chequer

exchequer

/ɪksˈtʃɛkə/
noun
1.
(often capital) (government) (in Britain and certain other countries) the accounting department of the Treasury, responsible for receiving and issuing funds
2.
(informal) personal funds; finances
Word Origin
C13 (in the sense: chessboard, counting table): from Old French eschequier, from escheccheck

Exchequer

/ɪksˈtʃɛkə/
noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ex chequer

exchequer

n.

c.1300, from Anglo-French escheker "a chessboard," from Old French eschequier, from Medieval Latin scaccarium "chess board" (see check (n.1); also cf. checker (n.2)).

Government financial sense began under the Norman kings of England and refers to a cloth divided in squares that covered a table on which accounts of revenue were reckoned with counters, and which apparently reminded people of a chess board. Respelled with an -x- based on the mistaken belief that it originally was a Latin ex- word.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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