follow Dictionary.com

How Well Do You Know English Slang?

excess

[n. ik-ses, ek-ses; adj., v. ek-ses, ik-ses] /n. ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛk sɛs; adj., v. ˈɛk sɛs, ɪkˈsɛs/
noun
1.
the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree:
His strength is in excess of yours.
2.
the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another:
The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.
3.
an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance:
to have an excess of energy.
4.
a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper:
to talk to excess.
5.
immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
adjective
6.
more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra:
a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.
verb (used with object)
7.
to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), especially as part of a mass layoff.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin excessus departure, digression, equivalent to exced-, variant stem of excēdere to exceed + -tus suffix of v. action
Can be confused
access, assess, excess.
Synonyms
3. surplus.
Antonyms
3. lack, deficiency.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for ex-cess

excess

noun (ɪkˈsɛs; ˈɛksɛs)
1.
the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
2.
an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too many an excess of tolerance
3.
the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
4.
(chem) a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction add an excess of acid
5.
overindulgence or intemperance
6.
(insurance, mainly Brit) a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
7.
in excess of, of more than; over
8.
to excess, to an inordinate extent; immoderately he drinks to excess
adjective (usually prenominal) (ˈɛksɛs; ɪkˈsɛs)
9.
more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplus excess weight
10.
payable as a result of previous underpayment excess postage, an excess fare for a railway journey
Word Origin
C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for ex-cess

excess

n.

late 14c., from Old French exces (14c.) "excess, extravagance, outrage," from Latin excessus "departure, a going beyond the bounds of reason or beyond the subject," from stem of excedere "to depart, go beyond" (see exceed). As an adjective from late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
ex-cess in Medicine

excess ex·cess (ĭk-sěs', ěk'sěs')
n.
An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Idioms and Phrases with ex-cess
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for excess

All English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for ex

9
9
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with ex-cess