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exacerbate

[ig-zas-er-beyt, ek-sas-] /ɪgˈzæs ərˌbeɪt, ɛkˈsæs-/
verb (used with object), exacerbated, exacerbating.
1.
to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.); aggravate.
2.
to embitter the feelings of (a person); irritate; exasperate.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Latin exacerbātus (past participle of exacerbāre to exasperate, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + acerbātus acerbate
Related forms
exacerbatingly, adverb
exacerbation, noun
unexacerbated, adjective
unexacerbating, adjective
Can be confused
exacerbate, exasperate.
Synonyms
1. intensify, inflame, worsen.
Antonyms
1. relieve, soothe, alleviate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for exacerbation
  • Near-term negative consequences include exacerbation of unemployment among migrant populations.
  • Another is the exacerbation of social tensions in what is a perilously unequal country.
  • Gross exacerbation of social inequality is a grave social harm.
  • An acute exacerbation of asthma is commonly referred to as an asthma attack.
British Dictionary definitions for exacerbation

exacerbate

/ɪɡˈzæsəˌbeɪt; ɪkˈsæs-/
verb (transitive)
1.
to make (pain, disease, emotion, etc) more intense; aggravate
2.
to exasperate or irritate (a person)
Derived Forms
exacerbation, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin exacerbāre to irritate, from acerbus bitter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for exacerbation
n.

c.1400, from Late Latin exacerbationem (nominative exacerbatio), noun of action from past participle stem Latin exacerbare "exasperate, irritate, provoke," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + acerbus "harsh, bitter," from acer "sharp, keen" (see acrid).

exacerbate

v.

1650s, a back-formation from exacerbation or else from Latin exacerbatus, past participle of exacerbare (see exacerbation). Related: Exacerbated; exacerbating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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exacerbation in Medicine

exacerbation ex·ac·er·ba·tion (ĭg-zās'ər-bā'shən)
n.
An increase in the severity of a disease or in any of its signs or symptoms.


ex·ac'er·bate' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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