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[v. ig-zas-puh-reyt; adj. ig-zas-per-it] /v. ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt; adj. ɪgˈzæs pər ɪt/
verb (used with object), exasperated, exasperating.
to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely:
He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).
Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.
Origin of exasperate
1525-35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperatingly, adverb
unexasperated, adjective
unexasperating, adjective
Can be confused
exacerbate, exasperate.
1. incense, anger, vex, inflame, infuriate. See irritate. 2. exacerbate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for exasperatedly
Historical Examples
  • "For Heaven's sake, don't shout it," Miss Georgie interrupted, exasperatedly.

    Good Indian B. M. Bower
  • He was exasperatedly conscious that he could not quite have sworn to him.

  • "But you don't understand," insisted Pauline, exasperatedly.

  • It plays itself out quite consistently on the plane of her general, her instinctive, her exasperatedly conscious ones.

    Lady Barbarina Henry James
British Dictionary definitions for exasperatedly


verb (transitive)
to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate
(botany) having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
Derived Forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperating, adjective
exasperatingly, adverb
exasperation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for exasperatedly



1530s, from Latin exasperatus, past participle of exasperare "roughen, irritate, provoke," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + asper "rough" (see asperity). Related: Exasperated; exasperating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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