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exasperate

[v. ig-zas-puh-reyt; adj. ig-zas-per-it] /v. ɪgˈzæs pəˌreɪt; adj. ɪgˈzæs pər ɪt/
verb (used with object), exasperated, exasperating.
1.
to irritate or provoke to a high degree; annoy extremely:
He was exasperated by the senseless delays.
2.
Archaic. to increase the intensity or violence of (disease, pain, feelings, etc.).
adjective
3.
Botany. rough; covered with hard, projecting points, as a leaf.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Latin exasperātus (past participle of exasperāre to make rough, provoke), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + asper harsh, rough + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperatingly, adverb
unexasperated, adjective
unexasperating, adjective
Can be confused
exacerbate, exasperate.
Synonyms
1. incense, anger, vex, inflame, infuriate. See irritate. 2. exacerbate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for exasperater

exasperate

/ɪɡˈzɑːspəˌreɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to cause great irritation or anger to; infuriate
2.
to cause (an unpleasant feeling, condition, etc) to worsen; aggravate
adjective
3.
(botany) having a rough prickly surface because of the presence of hard projecting points
Derived Forms
exasperatedly, adverb
exasperater, noun
exasperating, adjective
exasperatingly, adverb
exasperation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exasperāre to make rough, from asper rough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for exasperater

exasperate

v.

1530s, from Latin exasperatus, past participle of exasperare "roughen, irritate, provoke," from ex- "thoroughly" (see ex-) + asper "rough" (see asperity). Related: Exasperated; exasperating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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