excruciate

excruciate

[ik-skroo-shee-eyt]
verb (used with object), excruciated, excruciating.
1.
to inflict severe pain upon; torture: The headache excruciated him.
2.
to cause mental anguish to; irritate greatly.

Origin:
1560–70; < Latin excruciātus, past participle of excruciāre to torment, torture, equivalent to ex- ex-1 + cruciāre to torment, crucify (derivative of crux cross); see -ate1

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World English Dictionary
excruciate (ɪkˈskruːʃɪˌeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to inflict mental suffering on; torment
2.  obsolete to inflict physical pain on; torture
 
[C16: from Latin excruciāre, from cruciāre to crucify, from crux cross]
 
excruci'ation
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

excruciate
1560s, from L. excruciatus, pp. of excruciare "to torture, torment," from ex- "out, thoroughly" + cruciare "cause pain or anguish to," lit. "crucify," from crux (gen. crucis) "cross." Related: Excruciating; excruciatingly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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