expense

[ik-spens]
noun
1.
cost or charge: the expense of a good meal.
2.
a cause or occasion of spending: A car can be a great expense.
3.
the act of expending; expenditure.
4.
expenses.
a.
charges incurred during a business assignment or trip.
b.
money paid as reimbursement for such charges: to receive a salary and expenses.
verb (used with object), expensed, expensing.
5.
to charge or write off as an expense.
verb (used without object), expensed, expensing.
6.
to be expensed.
Idioms
7.
at the expense of, at the sacrifice of; to the detriment of: quantity at the expense of quality.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin expēnsa, noun use of feminine of expēnsus, past participle of expendere to expend

expenseless, adjective
preexpense, noun


1. outlay, expenditure. See price.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
expense (ɪkˈspɛns)
 
n
1.  a particular payment of money; expenditure
2.  money needed for individual purchases; cost; charge
3.  (plural) incidental money spent in the performance of a job, commission, etc, usually reimbursed by an employer or allowable against tax
4.  something requiring money for its purchase or upkeep: the car was more of an expense than he had expected
5.  at the expense of to the detriment of: he succeeded at the expense of his health
 
vb
6.  (US), (Canadian) (tr) to treat as an expense for book-keeping or tax purposes
 
[C14: from Late Latin expēnsa, from Latin expēnsus weighed out; see expend]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

expense
late 14c., from Anglo-Fr. expense, O.Fr. espense "money provided for expenses," from L.L. expensa "disbursement, outlay, expense," prop. neut. pl. pp. of L. expendere "to weigh out money, to pay down" (see expend). Related: Expenses. Latin spensa also yielded M.L. spe(n)sa,
whose sense specialized to "outlay for provisions," then "provisions, food," which was borrowed into O.H.G. as spisa and is the root of Ger. Speise "food," now mostly meaning prepared food, and speisen "to eat."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Small business owners are accustomed to thinking about revenue and expenses in
  terms of minimizing taxable income.
If the business portion is only secondary, then only the direct business
  expenses are deductible and not the cost of the trip.
He is thinking small to keep his vision intact and his expenses down.
Plus it would cut the size, water use of condensers, a good size part of
  generating expenses plus power users.
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