the act of expiating.
the means by which atonement or reparation is made.

1375–1425; late Middle English expiacioun < Latin expiātiōn- (stem of expiātiō) atonement, satisfaction. See expiate, -ion

expiational, adjective
nonexpiation, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
expiation (ˌɛkspɪˈeɪʃən)
the act, process, or a means of expiating; atonement

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., from L. expiationem (nom. expiatio), from expiatus, pp. of expiare "make amends," from ex- "completely" + piare "propitiate, appease," from pius "faithful, loyal, devout."
"The sacrifice of expiation is that which tendeth to appease the wrath of God." [1561]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Expiation definition

Guilt is said to be expiated when it is visited with punishment falling on a substitute. Expiation is made for our sins when they are punished not in ourselves but in another who consents to stand in our room. It is that by which reconciliation is effected. Sin is thus said to be "covered" by vicarious satisfaction. The cover or lid of the ark is termed in the LXX. hilasterion, that which covered or shut out the claims and demands of the law against the sins of God's people, whereby he became "propitious" to them. The idea of vicarious expiation runs through the whole Old Testament system of sacrifices. (See PROPITIATION.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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