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[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt] /ˈɛk stərˌpeɪt, ɪkˈstɜr peɪt/
verb (used with object), extirpated, extirpating.
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up:
to extirpate an unwanted hair.
Origin of extirpate
1530-40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
unextirpated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for extirpated
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The tradition, he explained, of that ill-famed forest of Velletri, now extirpated.

    Alone Norman Douglas
  • It should be guided and restrained, but can never be extirpated.

    Criminal Man Gina Lombroso-Ferrero
  • It must accept life on that condition or be extirpated as destructive vermin by the plundered farmer.

    Vanishing Roads and Other Essays Richard Le Gallienne
  • Many other practices of this kind may then have prevailed and have since then been extirpated.

  • No precarious legal personality was attributed to the family, the village, and the hui, which could be extirpated by a mere edict.

    Government in Republican China Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger
  • Mahdism had been more than "smashed," it had been all but extirpated.

    Khartoum Campaign, 1898 Bennet Burleigh
  • Let us hope that venal legislation at Washington will be extirpated by the rise of this beautiful custom.

  • They are driven into the wilderness or, it may be, extirpated.

    Domesticated Animals Nathaniel Southgate Shaler
  • In a man 44 years of age the spleen was extirpated on account of a large splenic cyst.

    Histology of the Blood Paul Ehrlich
British Dictionary definitions for extirpated


verb (transitive)
to remove or destroy completely
to pull up or out; uproot
to remove (an organ or part) surgically
Derived Forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extirpated



1530s, usually figurative, from Latin extirpatus/exstirpatus, past participle of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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