extra position


noun Linguistics.
a rule of transformational grammar that shifts a subordinate or modifying clause to the end of a sentence, as in changing That you sign the paper is necessary to It is necessary that you sign the paper.

1925–30; extra- + position; apparently coined by Otto Jespersen

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World English Dictionary
extraposition (ˌɛkstrəpəˈzɪʃən)
1.  placement of something outside something else
2.  transformational grammar a rule that moves embedded clauses out to the end of the main clause, converting, for example, A man who will help has just arrived into A man has just arrived who will help

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