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fabric

[fab-rik] /ˈfæb rɪk/
noun
1.
a cloth made by weaving, knitting, or felting fibers:
woolen fabrics.
2.
the texture of the woven, knitted, or felted material:
cloth of a soft, pliant fabric.
3.
framework; structure:
the fabric of society.
4.
a building; edifice.
5.
the method of construction.
6.
the act of constructing, especially of a church building.
7.
the maintenance of such a building.
8.
Petrography. the spatial arrangement and orientation of the constituents of a rock.
Origin
1475-1485
1475-85; (< Middle French fabrique) < Latin fabrica craft, especially metalworking or building, workshop. See forge1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fabrics
  • Looms with two such shafts are used for weaving tabby or even weave fabrics.
  • The art deco period is covered by rugs and fabrics designed by marion dorn.
  • Invisible darning is appropriate for extremely expensive fabrics and items of apparel.
  • Properties of knitted fabrics the topology of a knitted fabric is relatively complex.
  • This elasticity is unavailable from woven fabrics, which only stretch along the bias.
  • They were usually made from silk, embroidered fabrics or leather.
  • They have also been used as a decorative motif on fabrics and home furnishings.
  • The fabrics they depended on grew scarce, and business slowed considerably.
  • Its textile industry produces cotton yarn and fabrics and engages in dyeing and printing.
  • Usage traditionally cochineal was used for colouring fabrics.
British Dictionary definitions for fabrics

fabric

/ˈfæbrɪk/
noun
1.
any cloth made from yarn or fibres by weaving, knitting, felting, etc
2.
the texture of a cloth
3.
a structure or framework: the fabric of society
4.
a style or method of construction
5.
(rare) a building
6.
the texture, arrangement, and orientation of the constituents of a rock
Word Origin
C15: from Latin fabrica workshop, from faber craftsman
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for fabrics

fabric

n.

late 15c., "building, thing made," from Middle French fabrique (14c.), from Latin fabrica "workshop," also "an art, trade; a skillful production, structure, fabric," from faber "artisan who works in hard materials," from PIE *dhabh- "to fit together." Sense in English evolved via "manufactured material" (1753) to "textile" (1791).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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