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facet

[fas-it] /ˈfæs ɪt/
noun
1.
one of the small, polished plane surfaces of a cut gem.
2.
a similar surface cut on a fragment of rock by the action of water, windblown sand, etc.
3.
aspect; phase:
They carefully examined every facet of the argument.
4.
Architecture. any of the faces of a column cut in a polygonal form.
5.
Zoology. one of the corneal lenses of a compound arthropod eye.
6.
Anatomy. a small, smooth, flat area on a hard surface, especially on a bone.
7.
Dentistry. a small, highly burnished area, usually on the enamel surface of a tooth, produced by abrasion between opposing teeth in chewing.
verb (used with object), faceted, faceting or (especially British) facetted, facetting.
8.
to cut facets on.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; < French facette little face. See face, -et
Related forms
unfaceted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for facet

facet

/ˈfæsɪt/
noun
1.
any of the surfaces of a cut gemstone
2.
an aspect or phase, as of a subject or personality
3.
(architect) the raised surface between the flutes of a column
4.
any of the lenses that make up the compound eye of an insect or other arthropod
5.
(anatomy) any small smooth area on a hard surface, as on a bone
verb -ets, -eting, -eted, -ets, -etting, -etted
6.
(transitive) to cut facets in (a gemstone)
Word Origin
C17: from French facette a little face
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for facet
n.

1620s, from French facette (12c., Old French facete), diminutive of face (see face (n.)). The diamond-cutting sense is the original one. Related: Faceted; facets.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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facet in Medicine

facet fac·et (fās'ĭt)
n.

  1. A small smooth area on a bone or other firm structure.

  2. A worn spot on a tooth, produced by chewing or grinding.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for facet

flat, polished surface on a cut gemstone, usually with three or four sides. The widest part of a faceted stone is the girdle; the girdle lies on a plane that separates the crown, the stone's upper portion, from the pavilion, the stone's base. The large facet in the crown parallel to the girdle is the table; the very small one in the pavilion also parallel to the girdle is the culet. Certain stones, such as mogul cut diamonds (egg-shaped jewels faceted without regard for symmetry or brilliancy) or drop cut stones, have neither a girdle, a crown, nor a pavilion. In others, the crown and the pavilion are identical-e.g., in baguette cut stones.

Learn more about facet with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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