family name

noun
1.
the hereditary surname of a family.
2.
a given name frequently used in a family.

Origin:
1690–1700

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
family name
 
n
1.  a surname, esp when regarded as representing the family honour
2.  a first or middle name frequently used in a family, often originally a surname

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

family name

name added to a "given" name, in many cases inherited and held in common by members of a family. Originally, many surnames identified a person by his connection with another person, usually his father (Johnson, MacDonald); others gave his residence (Orleans, York, Atwood [i.e., living at the woods]) or occupation (Weaver, Hooper, Taylor). A surname could also be descriptive of a person's appearance (Little, Red) or his exploits (Armstrong).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
If potential new leaders are easy to identify, it is usually because of their family name or record of political struggle.
Her family name was familiar to me, but the story was not.
Always state your family name and the name of the meeting.
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