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farandole

[far-uh n-dohl; French fa-rahn-dawl] /ˈfær ənˌdoʊl; French fa rɑ̃ˈdɔl/
noun, plural farandoles
[far-uh n-dohlz; French fa-rahn-dawl] /ˈfær ənˌdoʊlz; French fa rɑ̃ˈdɔl/ (Show IPA)
1.
a lively dance, of Provençal origin, in which all the dancers join hands and execute various figures.
2.
the music for this dance.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; < French < Provençal farandoulo, perhaps a conflation of b(a)randello with same sense, derivative of brandà to move, rock (< Germanic; see brandish) and flandrinà to dawdle, ultimately derivative of Flandres Flanders
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for farandole

farandole

/ˈfærənˌdəʊl; French farɑ̃dɔl/
noun
1.
a lively dance in six-eight or four-four time from Provence
2.
a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Provençal farandoulo, of uncertain origin; compare Spanish farándula itinerant group of actors
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for farandole

lively and popular chain dance of Provence and Catalonia. It was mentioned as early as the 14th century and, according to tradition, was taken to Marseille from Greece by Phoenician sailors. Performed on feast days, the farandole is danced by men and women holding hands in a chain. The dancers, following the steps introduced by the chain leader, wind through the streets to the accompaniment of pipes and tabors. The music is in 68 time. The farandole is one of a group of Mediterranean, Balkan, and Middle Eastern chain dances that includes the Romanian hora and the Greek syrtos, and it is related to the medieval carole. The dance of the French Revolution, the carmagnole, was a variety of farandole.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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