farther

[fahr-ther]
adverb compar. of far with farthest as superl.
1.
at or to a greater distance: He went farther down the road.
2.
at or to a more advanced point: They are going no farther in their studies.
3.
at or to a greater degree or extent: The application of the law was extended farther.
adjective compar. of far with farthest as superl.
4.
more distant or remote than something or some place nearer: the farther side of the mountain.
5.
extending or tending to a greater distance: He made a still farther trip.
6.
Nonstandard. further ( defs 5, 6 ).

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English ferther; orig. variant of further

farther, *farer, father, further (see usage note at the current entry).


Although some usage guides insist that only farther should be used for physical distance (We walked farther than we planned), farther and further have been used interchangeably throughout much of their histories. However, only further is used in the adverbial sense “moreover” (Further, you hurt my feelings) and in the adjectival senses “more extended” (no further comment) and “additional” (Further bulletins came in).
The expression all the farther (or further) in place of as far as occurs chiefly in informal speech: This is all the farther the train goes. See also all.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

far

[fahr]
adverb
1.
at or to a great distance; a long way off; at or to a remote point: We sailed far ahead of the fleet.
2.
at or to a remote or advanced time: We talked far into the night.
3.
at or to a great, advanced, or definite point of progress, or degree: Having come this far, we might as well continue.
4.
much or many: I need far more time. We gained far more advantages.
adjective, farther or further, farthest or furthest.
5.
being at a great distance; remote in time or place: a far country; the far future.
6.
extending to a great distance: the far frontiers of empire.
7.
more distant of the two: the far side.
Idioms
8.
a far cry (from). cry ( def 27 ).
9.
as far as. as1 ( def 18 ).
10.
by far,
a.
by a great deal; very much: too expensive by far.
b.
plainly; obviously: This melon is by far the ripest of the lot.
11.
far and away, by far; undoubtedly: She is far and away the smartest one in the class.
12.
far and wide, to great lengths; over great distances: He traveled far and wide in search of his missing son. Also, far and near, near and far.
13.
far be it from me, I do not wish or dare (to interrupt, criticize, etc.): Far be it from me to complain, but it's getting stuffy in here.
14.
far out, Slang.
a.
unconventional; offbeat: His sense of humor is far out.
b.
radical; extreme: political opinions that are far out.
c.
recondite or esoteric: an interest in art that was considered far out.
15.
few and far between. few ( def 5 ).
16.
go far,
a.
to attain success: With so much talent he should go far.
b.
to have a great effect toward; help: The new evidence will go far toward proving the defendant's guilt.
17.
how far, to what distance, extent, or degree: She didn't know how far they had gone in the mathematics text. How far do you think they can be trusted?
18.
on the far side of. side1 ( def 26 ).
19.
so far,
a.
up to now: So far, I've had no reply to my request.
b.
up to a certain point or extent: We were able to plan only so far because of various factors beyond our control.
20.
so far so good, succeeding or managing adequately to this point; doing well thus far: The work is difficult, but so far so good.
21.
the far side. side1 ( def 29 ).
22.
thus far,
a.
up to the present; up to now: We have met no resistance to our plan thus far.
b.
to a particular degree, point, or extent: When you get thus far in the experiment, consult with the professor.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English far, fer, Old English feorr; cognate with Old High German ferr, Old Norse fjar, Gothic fairra; akin to German fern far, Latin porrō forward, further

farness, noun
overfar, adverb, adjective
unfar, adjective, adverb

fair, far, fare, flare (see synonym study at fair).


See as1, farther.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
far (fɑː)
 
adv , farther, further, farthest, furthest
1.  at, to, or from a great distance
2.  at or to a remote time: far in the future
3.  to a considerable degree; very much: a far better plan
4.  as far as
 a.  to the degree or extent that
 b.  to the distance or place of
 c.  informal with reference to; as for
5.  by far by a considerable margin
6.  far and away by a very great margin
7.  far and wide over great distances; everywhere
8.  far be it from me I would not presume; on no account: far be it from me to tell you what to do
9.  far gone
 a.  in an advanced state of deterioration
 b.  informal extremely drunk
10.  go far
 a.  to be successful; achieve much: your son will go far
 b.  to be sufficient or last long: the wine didn't go far
11.  go too far to exceed reasonable limits
12.  how far? to what extent, distance, or degree?
13.  in so far as to the degree or extent that
14.  so far
 a.  up to the present moment
 b.  up to a certain point, extent, degree, etc
15.  so far, so good an expression of satisfaction with progress made
 
adj
16.  remote in space or time: a far country; in the far past
17.  extending a great distance; long
18.  more distant: the far end of the room
19.  a far cry
 a.  a long way
 b.  something very different
20.  far from in a degree, state, etc, remote from: he is far from happy
 
[Old English feorr; related to Old Frisian fīr, Old High German ferro, Latin porro forwards, Greek pera further]
 
'farness
 
n

farther (ˈfɑːðə)
 
adv
1.  to or at a greater distance in space or time
2.  in addition
 
adj
3.  more distant or remote in space or time
4.  additional
 
usage  Farther, farthest, further, and furthest can all be used to refer to literal distance, but further and furthest are regarded as more correct for figurative senses denoting greater or additional amount, time, etc: further to my letter. Further and furthest are also preferred for figurative distance

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

far
O.E. feorr "to a great distance, long ago," from P.Gmc. *ferro (cf. O.N. fjarre, Du. ver, Ger. fern), from PIE *per- "through, across, beyond" (cf. Skt. parah "farther, remote, ulterior," Hitt. para "outside of," Gk. pera "across, beyond," L. per "through," O.Ir. ire "farther"). Far East "China, Japan,
and surrounding regions" is from 1852.

farther
c.1300, var. of further (q.v.), by 17c. replaced ferrer as comp. of the descendant of O.E. fierr "far" (itself a comp. but no longer felt as one). Vowel change infl. by the root vowel, and confusion with M.E. ferþeren "to assist, promote, advance" (see
forth). There is no historical basis for the notion that farther is of physical distance and further of degree or quality.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
FAR
Federal Acquisition Regulations
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

farther

see can't see beyond (farther than) the end of one's nose.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Generally, the farther an area is from the equator, the longer and colder are
  its winters.
For heading, you cut farther back on the shoot than you would for pinching.
Pedicabs and plentiful bike parking mean going farther afield is easy too.
Water pressure in the line drops the farther it is from the hose bib.
Synonyms
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