[fuh-vel-uh; Portuguese fah-ve-lah]
a shantytown in or near a city, especially in Brazil; slum area.

1945–50; < Brazilian Portuguese: alleged to be a name given to a hill in the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, where such towns were built circa 1900; literally, a shrub of the family Euphorbiaceae, derivative of Portuguese fava bean < Latin faba

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World English Dictionary
favela (fɑːˈveɪlə)
(in Brazil) a shanty or shantytown
[C20: from Portuguese]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
To control the trade, one has to control the favela, and to do that requires a teenage army.
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