feast st peter chains

Feast of St. Peter's Chains

See under Lammas ( def 2 ).
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a former festival in England, held on August 1, in which bread made from the first harvest of corn was blessed.
a festival (Feast of St. Peter's Chains) observed by Roman Catholics on August 1, in memory of St. Peter's imprisonment and his miraculous deliverance.
Also called Lammas Day.

before 900; Middle English Lammesse, Old English hlāmmæsse, hlāfmæsse. See loaf, -mas

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World English Dictionary
Lammas (ˈlæməs)
1.  RC Church Aug 1, held as a feast, commemorating St Peter's miraculous deliverance from prison
2.  Also called: Lammas Day the same day formerly observed in England as a harvest festival. In Scotland Lammas is a quarter day
[Old English hlāfmæsse loaf mass]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"Aug. 1 harvest festival with consecration of loaves," O.E. hlafmæsse, lit. "loaf mass," from hlaf (see loaf) + mæsse (see mass).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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