federalism

[fed-er-uh-liz-uhm]
noun
1.
the federal principle of government.
2.
U.S. History.
a.
advocacy of the federal system of government.
b.
(initial capital letter) the principles of the Federalist party.

Origin:
1780–90, Americanism; federal + -ism

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
federalism (ˈfɛdərəˌlɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the principle or a system of federal union
2.  advocacy of federal union
 
federalist
 
n, —adj
 
federalistic
 
adj

Federalism (ˈfɛdərəˌlɪzəm)
 
n
(US) history the principles and policies of the Federalist party

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

federalism
1793, from Fr. fédéralisme, from fédéral (see federal).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

federalism definition


A system of government in which power is divided between a national (federal) government and various regional governments. As defined by the United States Constitution, federalism is a fundamental aspect of American government, whereby the states are not merely regional representatives of the federal government, but are granted independent powers and responsibilities. With their own legislative branch, executive branch, and judicial branch, states are empowered to pass, enforce, and interpret laws, provided they do not violate the Constitution. This arrangement not only allows state governments to respond directly to the interests of their local populations, but also serves to check the power of the federal government. Whereas the federal government determines foreign policy, with exclusive power to make treaties, declare war, and control imports and exports, the states have exclusive power to ratify the Constitution. Most governmental responsibilities, however, are shared by state and federal governments: both levels are involved in such public policy issues as taxation, business regulation, environmental protection, and civil rights.

Note: The precise extent of state and federal responsibility has always been controversial. Republican administrations, for example, have tended to grant more authority to the states, thereby encouraging political and economic freedom but discouraging comprehensive social welfare. Until the middle of the twentieth century, the Supreme Court left the interpretation of many civil rights guarantees to the states, resulting in widespread discrimination against minorities.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It may well prove the next stage in the long, alternating history of federalism.
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